Literature and Forms

Regulatory Documents
Showing 1 through 100 out of 721 total documents
Literature and Forms
Document Name Name / As of Description As Of Actions
US SMID Fund (IS Shares) - Annual Report
September 5 2022
The fund's annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
September 5 2022
Intermediate Corporate Bond Fund, Quarter 3 Holdings
March 30 2021
Third quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Short-Term Income Fund, Quarter 3 Holdings
March 30 2021
Third quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Capital Reserves Fund - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Government Income Trust (IS and SS Shares) - Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Government Income Trust (IS and SS Shares) - Prospectus
March 30 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 30 2021
Government Income Trust (IS and SS Shares) - Statement of Additional Information (SAI)
March 30 2021
The Statement of Additional Information offers detailed information about the fund's policies, operations, management, investments and risks.
March 30 2021
Government Income Trust (IS and SS Shares) - Summary Prospectus
March 30 2021
The fund's Summary Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 30 2021
Government Obligations Fund (SEL, IS, SS, ADM, CII, CS, CAP, TR, PRM, and AVR Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholders Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Government Obligations Tax-Managed Fund (AS, IS, and SS Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Government Reserves Fund (A, B, C, F, and P Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Institutional High Yield Bond Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Institutional Money Market Management (IS, SS, CAP, and EAG Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Institutional Prime Obligations Fund (IS, SS, and CAP Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Institutional Prime Value Obligations Fund (IS, SS, and CAP Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
International Dividend Strategy Portfolio, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Kaufmann Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Kaufmann Large Cap Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Kaufmann Small Cap Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
MDT All Cap Core Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
MDT Balanced Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
MDT Large Cap Growth Fund (A, B, C, and IS Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
MDT Large Cap Value Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
MDT Mid Cap Growth Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
MDT Small Cap Core Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
MDT Small Cap Growth Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Max-Cap Index Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Mid-Cap Index Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Muni and Stock Advantage Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Prime Cash Obligations Fund (AS, R, WS, AVR, SS, CII, CS, CAP, and TR Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
SDG Engagement Equity Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Strategic Value Dividend Fund, Quarter 1 Holdings
March 30 2021
First quarter holdings based on fund's fiscal year end.
March 30 2021
Treasury Obligations Fund (AS, IS, SS, CAP, and TR Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
Trust for U.S. Treasury Obligations (IS, CII, and CS Shares) - Semi-Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's semi-annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
U.S. Government Securities Fund: 2-5 Years (R, IS, and SS Shares) - Annual Shareholder Report
March 30 2021
The fund's annual report provides shareholders with information such as recent performance, portfolio information and financial information.
March 30 2021
U.S. Government Securities Fund: 2-5 Years (R, IS, and SS Shares) - Prospectus
March 30 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 30 2021
U.S. Government Securities Fund: 2-5 Years (R, IS, and SS Shares) - Statement of Additional Information (SAI)
March 30 2021
The Statement of Additional Information offers detailed information about the fund's policies, operations, management, investments and risks.
March 30 2021
U.S. Government Securities Fund: 2-5 Years (R, IS, and SS Shares) - Summary Prospectus
March 30 2021
The fund's Summary Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 30 2021
International Equity Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
March 24 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 24 2021
International Equity Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Summary Prospectus
March 24 2021
The fund's Summary Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 24 2021
Project and Trade Finance Tender Fund - Prospectus
March 24 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 24 2021
Select Total Return Bond Fund (IS and SS Shares) - Prospectus
March 18 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 18 2021
Select Total Return Bond Fund (IS and SS Shares) - Statement of Additional Information (SAI)
March 18 2021
The Statement of Additional Information offers detailed information about the fund's policies, operations, management, investments and risks.
March 18 2021
Select Total Return Bond Fund (IS and SS Shares) - Summary Prospectus
March 18 2021
The fund's Summary Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
March 18 2021
Form CRS - Federated Investment Counseling
March 15 2021
Form CRS/ADV Part 3 is a client relationship summary that contains information about the advisors types of services, the fees, costs, conflicts of interest, and required standard of conduct associated with those services; and where to find additional information regarding the services.
March 15 2021
Form CRS - Federated MDTA LLC
March 15 2021
Form CRS/ADV Part 3 is a client relationship summary that contains information about the advisors types of services, the fees, costs, conflicts of interest, and required standard of conduct associated with those services; and where to find additional information regarding the services.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Global Investment Management Corp. (Institutional Separate Accounts)
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Includes Privacy Policy.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Global Investment Management Corp. (International ADR) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides International ADR Portfolio Manager Bio's. Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Global Investment Management Corp. (Kaufmann Large Cap Growth) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides Kaufmann Large Cap Growth Portfolio Manager Bio's. Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Investment Counseling (All Fixed Income) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides Portfolio Manager Bio's for all Fixed Income strategies. Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Investment Counseling (Clover ACV) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides Clover ACV Portfolio Manager Bio's. Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Investment Counseling (Clover Balanced) - Managed Account
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides Clover Balanced Portfolio Manager Bio's. Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Investment Counseling (Growth and Income) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides Growth and Income Portfolio Manager Bio's. Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Investment Counseling (Institutional Separate Accounts)
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Includes Privacy Policy.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Investment Counseling (Intermediate Muni) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides the Intermediate Muni Portfolio Manager Bio's Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Investment Counseling - (Clover SCV) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides Clover SCV Portfolio Manager Bio's Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated Investment Counseling - (Strategic Value Dividend, International Strategic Dividend with MAP's, International Strategic Dividend ADR and Global Strategic Dividend) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides Strategic Value Dividend, International Strategic Value Dividend with MAP's, International Strategic Value Dividend ADR and Global Strategic Value Dividend Portfolio Manager Bio's. Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated MDTA LLC (All MDT) - Managed Accounts
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Part 2B provides Portfolio Manager Bio's for all MDT strategies. Includes Privacy Policy and ERISA Disclosure.
March 15 2021
Form ADV - Federated MDTA LLC (Institutional Separate Accounts)
March 15 2021
Form ADV Part 2 provides information about the adviser's advisory business including advisory services, fees, assets under management, conflicts of interest and other information. Includes Privacy Policy.
March 15 2021
Form CRS - Federated Global Investment Management Corp.
March 15 2021
Form CRS/ADV Part 3 is a client relationship summary that contains information about the advisors types of services, the fees, costs, conflicts of interest, and required standard of conduct associated with those services; and where to find additional information regarding the services.
March 15 2021
Capital Income Fund (A, B, C, F, R, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Clover Small Value Fund (A, C, R, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Corporate Bond Fund (A, B, C, F, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Emerging Market Debt Fund (A, C, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Equity Income Fund, Inc. (A, B, C, F, R, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Floating Rate Strategic Income Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Floating Rate Strategic Income Fund (A1 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Fund for U.S. Government Securities (A, B, C, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Global Allocation Fund (A, B, C, R, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Global Total Return Bond Fund (A, C, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Government Income Securities, Inc. (A, C, F, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Government Reserves Fund (A, B, C, F, and P Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
High Income Bond Fund, Inc. (A, B, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
International Leaders Fund (A, B, C, R, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
International Small-Mid Company Fund (A, C, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
International Strategic Value Dividend Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Kaufmann Fund (A, B, C, R, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Kaufmann Large Cap Fund (A, C, R, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Kaufmann Small Cap Fund (A, B, C, R, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
MDT All Cap Core Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
MDT Balanced Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
MDT Large Cap Growth Fund (A, B, C, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
MDT Large Cap Value Fund (A, B, C, R, IS, SS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
MDT Mid Cap Growth Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
MDT Small Cap Core Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
MDT Small Cap Growth Fund (A, C, IS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Max-Cap Index Fund (C, R, IS, and SS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Michigan Intermediate Municipal Fund (A and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Muni and Stock Advantage Fund (A, B, C, F, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Municipal Bond Fund, Inc. (A, B, C, F, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Municipal High Yield Advantage Fund (A, B, C, F, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Ohio Municipal Income Fund (A, F, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Opportunistic High Yield Bond Fund (A, C, IS, SS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Pennsylvania Municipal Income Fund (A and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Prudent Bear Fund (A, C, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Real Return Bond Fund (A, C, and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
SDG Engagement Equity Fund (A and IS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Short-Intermediate Municipal Fund (A, IS, and SS Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Short-Intermediate Total Return Bond Fund (A, IS, SS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Short-Term Income Fund (A, IS, SS, and R6 Shares) - Prospectus
February 26 2021
The fund's Prospectus contains information including the fund's investment objective and strategies, principal investments, risks of investing in the fund, and sales charges, management fees and other expenses.
February 26 2021
Showing 1 through 100 out of 721 total documents Page of 8